Year B: Fifth Sunday of Lent
The Coming of Jesus’ Hour
John 12: 20-33
Now there were some Greeks among those who had come up to worship at the feast. They came to Philip, who was from Bethsaida in Galilee, and asked him, “Sir, we would like to see Jesus.” Philip went and told Andrew; then Andrew and Philip went and told Jesus. Jesus answered them, “The hour has come for the Son of Man to be glorified. Amen, amen, I say to you, unless a grain of wheat falls to the ground and dies, it remains just a grain of wheat but if it dies, it produces much fruit. Whoever loves his life loses it, and whoever hates his life in this world will preserve it for eternal life. Whoever serves me must follow me, and where I am, there also will my servant be. The Father will honor whoever serves me. “I am troubled now. Yet what should I say? ‘Father, save me from this hour’? But it was for this purpose that I came to this hour. Father, glorify your name.” Then a voice came from heaven, “I have glorified it and will glorify it again.” The crowd there heard it and said it was thunder; but others said, “An angel has spoken to him.” Jesus answered and said, “This voice did not come for my sake but for yours. Now is the time of judgment on this world; now the ruler of this world will be driven out. And when I am lifted up from the earth, I will draw everyone to myself.” He said this indicating the kind of death he would die.
- When has letting go, or “dying to self” bore fruit or helped you to grow in faith? Tell the story.
- What personal experiences or patterns of loss (death) have led to renewal (resurrection) in your life?
- Learning to recognize suffering and loss in our lives as “small deaths” can help us prepare for our eventual and final surrender. How do you react and relate to this?
- The Greeks asked to see Jesus. Where in your life do you see Jesus?
- The spiritual life is mostly about letting go. What in your life do you most need to let go of today?
John 12: 20-33
Margaret Nutting Ralph
Today’s passage begins by telling us, “Some Greeks who had come to worship at the Passover Feast came to Philip… and asked him, ‘Sir, we would like to see Jesus.’ ” As is common in John, a Jewish feast is the backdrop for the action. However, it is unusual that “some Greeks” want to see Jesus. This detail foreshadows a statement that Jesus will make about his ministry later in today’s reading: “I will draw everyone to myself,” not only his fellow Jews. Notice that the desire that the Greeks express is the very desire that John’s audience has when they want to see Jesus.
Jesus explains the purpose of his suffering twice in today’s passage. First he uses the analogy of a grain of wheat. “Unless a grain of wheat falls to the ground and dies, it remains just a grain of wheat; but if it dies, it produces much fruit.” Jesus, too, will die and be buried in the ground, but his death is in no way a defeat. Rather, through his death Jesus will produce much fruit.
When Philip and Andrew tell Jesus about the Greeks’ request, Jesus says, “The hour has come for the Son of Man to be glorified.” In John’s Gospel the crucifixion is not presented as a defeat, even a temporary defeat. The crucifixion and resurrection are viewed together as Jesus being “lifted up,” and through Jesus’ being lifted up, his glory, his divinity, is revealed.
Later, after the voice from heaven affirms Jesus in his mission, Jesus again explains the purpose of his coming death. Jesus’ death and resurrection will result in “the ruler of this world,” that is, Satan, being driven out. In addition, Jesus says, “And when I am lifted up from the earth, I will draw everyone to myself.” In other words, Jesus’ death will have a saving effect on the whole human race, even Jesus’ death will have a saving effect on the whole human race, even the Greeks, the Gentiles.
In his conversation with his disciples Jesus makes it clear that he is not the only one who must embrace suffering. Jesus tells Philip and Andrew, “Whoever loves his life loses it, and whoever hates his life in this world will preserve it for eternal life. Whoever serves me must follow me, and where I am, there also will my servant be. The Father will honor whoever serves me.” Remember, in last week’s commentary we mentioned that some of John’s audience is subject to persecution because they have been expelled from the synagogue and are no longer excused from emperor worship. They may be tempted to deny their belief in Jesus’ divinity in order to protect themselves from persecution, or even martyrdom. However, in these words John makes it clear that those who serve Jesus must follow Jesus. John is encouraging them to choose eternal life over an extended life on earth.
Instead of praying that the cup of suffering may pass from him, Jesus prays, “Father, glorify your name.” A voice from heaven responds, “I have glorified it and will glorify it again.” Jesus knows that his crucifixion and resurrection will glorify the Father’s name because he is doing the will of his Father. Through the mighty signs which he has already performed (“I have glorified it”), and through his being “lifted up from the earth” (“and will glorify it again”), Jesus will glorify the Father’s name by revealing the Father’s saving love for the human race.
Fr. Michael K. Marsh
They say there are three things that cannot be talked about. You know them, right? Religion, sex, and politics. I think they are wrong. We do talk about those things. We just do it really badly. There is, however, something we do not talk about. Death. Yes, we acknowledge death when it happens but for the most part we do not talk about death with any real depth or substance, and certainly no enthusiasm. We don’t deal with it. We deny it. We ignore it. We avoid it. No one wants to die.
We don’t really acknowledge, talk about, and deal with death. The death of our loved ones is too real, too painful. Our own death is too scary. The relationships and parts of our lives that have died are too difficult. So, for the most part, we just avoid the topic of death. Besides it’s a downer in a culture that mostly wants to be happy, feel good, and avoid difficult realities.
I suspect the Greeks in today’s gospel did not go expecting to talk or hear about death. They just want to see Jesus. And who can blame them? Jesus has a pretty good track record up to this point. He has cleansed the temple, turned water into wine, healed a little boy, fed 5000, given sight to the blind, and raised Lazarus from the dead. I don’t know why they wanted to see Jesus but I know the desire. I want to see Jesus. I’ll bet you do too. Seeing Jesus makes it all real. After all, seeing, they say, is believing. We all have our reasons for wanting to see Jesus.
If you want to know your reasons for wanting to see Jesus look at what you pray for. It is often a to do list for God. I remember, as a little boy, praying that I would get to go fishing and I would catch the big fish. Later it was for good grades in school. Then it was to pass the bar exam, win the case, be made a partner in the firm. When my life and marriage were in shambles I prayed that God would fix it all. When our son died I just wanted God to make it stop hurting.
You probably know those kind of prayers. We want to see Jesus on our terms. We don’t want to face the pain of loss and death in whatever form it comes. Sometimes we want something from Jesus more than we want Jesus himself. There is a real danger that we will become consumers of God’s life rather than participants in God’s life. We pick and choose what we like and want but we skip over and leave behind what we do not like, want, or understand. Christianity, however, is neither a buffet nor a spectator sport. Christianity means participating in the life, death, and resurrection of Jesus Christ. That is what Jesus sets before the Greeks who want to see him.
Unless a grain of wheat falls into the earth and dies, it remains just a single grain; but if it dies, it bears much fruit. Those who love their life lose it, and those who hate their life in this world will keep it for eternal life. Whoever serves me must follow me, and where I am, there will my servant be also.
If we want to see Jesus then we must look death in the face. To the extent we refuse to acknowledge the reality of death, to the degree we avoid and deny death, we refuse to see Jesus. Really looking at, acknowledging, and facing death is some of the most difficult work we ever do. It is, as Jesus describes, soul troubling. It shakes us to the core.
There is a temptation to want to skip over death and get to resurrection. So it is no coincidence that this week and last week the Church points us towards Holy Week and reminds us that death is the gateway to new life. Death comes first. Death is not always, however, physical. Sometimes it is spiritual or emotional. We die a thousand deaths every day. There are the deaths of relationships, marriages, hopes, dreams, careers, health, beliefs. Regardless of what it looks like, this is not the end. Resurrection is always hidden within death. There can be, however, no resurrection without a death.
To the extent we avoid death we avoid life. The degree to which we are afraid to die is the degree to which we are afraid to fully live. Every time we avoid and turn away from death, we proclaim it stronger than God, more real than life, and the ultimate victor.
The unspoken fear and avoidance of death underlies all our “what if” questions.” What if I fail, lose, fall down? What if I get hurt? What if I don’t get what I want? What if I lose that one I most need and love? Every “what if” question separates and isolates us from life, God, one another, and ourselves. It keeps us from bearing fruit. We are just a single grain of wheat. We might survive but we aren’t really alive.
Jesus did not ask to be saved from death. He is unwilling to settle for survival when the fullness of God’s life is before him. He knows that in God’s world strength is found in weakness, victory looks like defeat, and life is born of death. This is what allowed him to ride triumphantly into Jerusalem, a city that will condemn and kill him. That is what allows us to ride triumphantly through life. Triumph doesn’t mean that we get our way or that we avoid death. It means death is a gateway not a prison and the beginning not the end.
Regardless of who or what in our life has died, God in Christ has already cleared the way forward. We have a path to follow. That path is the death of Jesus. Jesus’ death, however, is of no benefit to us if we are not willing to submit to death, physically, emotionally, and spiritually. Ultimately, death, in whatever way it comes to us, means that we entrust all that we are and all that we have to God. We let ourselves be lifted up; lifted up in Christ’s crucifixion, lifted up in his resurrection, lifted up in his ascension into heaven. He is drawing all people to himself, that where he is we too may be.
Grains of wheat. That is what we are. Through death, however, we can become the bread of life. “Unless a grain of wheat falls into the earth and dies…”
Selections from Breaking Open the Lectionary: Lectionary Readings in Their Biblical Context for RCIA, Faith Sharing Groups, and Lectors—Cycle B, by Margaret Nutting Ralph, Copyright © 2005 by Margaret Nutting Ralph. Paulist Press, Inc., New York/Mahwah, NJ. Reprinted by permission of Paulist Press, Inc.
Selections from Interrupting the Silence by Fr. Michael K. Marsh